Roon Nucleus+ Core Unit And XLCR Power Supply Review
I'd encountered Roon music playing and cataloguing software on a few occasions, as well as its predecessor, the Sooloos music storage and handling system, with its attractive graphical presentations of tracks, artwork and music cataloguing. Acquired by Meridian some years ago as the heart of its streaming solution, Sooloos was later spun off as a separate company, eventually becoming Roon in 2015. But the heart of the system has remained: an informative, easy to use music management system, based on extended metadata and intelligent cataloguing of content. It has seen several iterations bringing it to the present level of refinement in fact to a level where I felt that I just had to try it out.
At the heart of any Roon implementation is what the company calls the 'Core': either an existing computer on the network running Roon Core software, or a dedicated device running Roon OS, the company's operating system. As has been pointed out in these pages, it's possible to build a Roon Core with very little computer knowledge, for example using one of Intel's NUC compact computers: one need only add memory and a solid state drive to run the software, which is downloadable and easily installed onto a NUC.
How much internal storage you add is really a matter of personal choice: the Roon Core computer doesn't need to act as a music server, but instead can access other music stores on the user's network. AE, for example, runs Roon on a NUC whose only purpose is to run the software, which accesses music libraries on a number of NAS devices on his network. Control is then via computers or phones/tablets running Roon, and playback via a range of Roon-ready audio hardware.
If all that sounds like a lot of complication, you can do as I have, going for the official factory-built unit, a Roon Nucleus+, the more expensive of two 'turnkey' solution the company offers. Both offer a similar configuration, which is essentially an Intel NUC plus SSD storage in a custom-made fanless case, with Roon OS preinstalled and configured for more or less plug and play operation. It comes with a good quality, electronic switching plug-top power supply which will satisfy most applications, while for the more particular, accessory linear supplies may be obtained such as the Longdog Audio unit that has also come in for trial.
The two versions of the unit the Nucleus and the Nucleus+ are based around the Intel i-series CPUs: the less expensive model, at £1550, uses an i3 processor and 4GB of RAM, while the '+' we have here, at £2550, upgrades this to an i7 and 8GB of RAM. Both models have a 128GB SSD to run the operating system, and the basic difference between them is that the more affordable one is described as being for music libraries of up to 10,000 albums or 100,000 tracks, while the pricier model is for larger libraries. This isn't to do with storage capacity, but rather processing power: while the basic model offers basic functions such as headphone crossfeed, and loudspeaker positioning correction, the '+' model is also capable of all the DSP tricks baked into Roon, of which more in a moment.
Nucleus is designed to be 'pointed at' external music libraries, be they on the user's network or connected directly to the unit's USB ports, but those with a modicum of computer confidence can open up the unit and install internal storage: a 2.5in SSD or HDD can be installed using mounting rails supplied, and connected to the SATA cable already installed. Or, of course, one could ask the supplying retailer to deliver your Nucleus with such storage already in place.
The Nucleus may be seen as a kind of music management device, library and playback control hub; it brings together high quality on-line music streams such as Tidal and Qobuz and more, allowing their huge music catalogues to operate seamlessly in conjunction with your own music library. This capability is more powerful and valuable than you might first imagine.
Despite my electroacoustic engineering background, my skills remain more empirical than mathematical, and I rely on carefully planned and executed listening tests to judge advances in audio engineering. But before I did that, it was explained to me that I also had to parcel up all my digital albums from the Core and the NAS drive and get them in FLAC format rather than the WAV files which had served the Naim setup so well. I had stuck with WAV as earlier iterations of streamers replayed some recordings with little more pizzazz in WAV format.
Now I find that Roon has quietly insinuated itself into my digital music life, and has become the go to facility when choosing what to play. It makes other methods of access to the terabytes of music stored in the network connected drives seem long-winded and relatively opaque and it seamlessly combines these with Tidal and Qobuz, among other sources, for real time online access for streaming download of a huge range of music, both in variety and music types. Other music providers may also be enabled.
While no programmed system is perfect, Roon's power lies in the curation, ordering, cataloguing and classifying of your music in ways that readily enables access. And thankfully classical composers may be found by surname and Christian name. That huge database, constantly updated, is the price of entry (plus the controlling software updates): both units come with a one-year subscription, but beyond that the cost is US$12.99 a month (or $9.99/ month if you choose annual billing, so just under $120), or $699.99 for a lifetime subscription. It's said that ROON now has over 100,000 subscribers.
I enjoy the Nucleus's near-instantaneous wake up from standby and the seamless operation possible from a modest, four year old iPad. Volume control is available by touch here for fully integrated operation but since this is a DSP function, which in m y case would be tasked to the streamer DAC, this is better performed to a consistently higher resolution by a dedicated analogue control, in my case a Townshend Allegri Ref which follows the NAIM ND555 streamer in the path to my power amplifier. Left on the network and thus connected to the Internet, Roon has so far operated seamlessly for nearly a year. With it comes excellent documentation and support backup and not least the very helpful Roon Knowledge website.
A resounding success, Roon adds significantly to your listening pleasure and is highly recommended.
XLCR Linear Power For Roon Nucleus By Long Dog Audio / MCRU
The ROON Nucleus Plus version needs a bit more power than the standard Nucleus, and Long Dog Audio, the designer and manufacturer of this accessory linear power supply, has been generous with the power transformer rating which also helps reduce electromagnetic noise. It employs a very low noise discrete regulator circuit, cooled by a small heatsink on the back, also thermally bonded to the ribbed, black anodised aluminium alloy case. It is rated at 19 Volts at 3.5A which is significant power, optimised for the ROON Nucleus Plus, and the basic PSU version is priced at £600 the £996 'MCRU Ultimate Linear Power Supply' pack delivered for review also included an SR Orange fuse, a Furutech IEC inlet, MCRU No. 75 SE power lead and Black Ravioli isolation feet.
The XLCR runs slightly warm in use but is physically silent, while comparative testing showed a noticeable improvement in sound quality when it replaced the more than capable Roon standard supply. Obviously results will vary between systems and audio components but with the dual 555PSDR power supply /Naim ND555 streamer, the gain was easy to hear. Consistent with a lowering of the noise floor for the network supplying the audio stream, I heard moderate gains in image depth, more precise image focus, better micro-detail and sweeter textures on strings.
Philosophically it's hard to know whether the improvement results from a beneficial relationship with the Nucleus, or that this supply has a less deleterious effect on the rest of the connected audio system than the Roon supply. This implied dichotomy means that results may vary with different systems, different set ups as EMC susceptibility is often a moving target.
However, the gains I experienced were not dissimilar to fitting a better network switch, but judged a little greater. Those additional upgrade accessories supplied with the unit do have a moderate positive effect, a few per cent but not as much as the power supply itself which is worth about 8% better sound, where the RFI supply noise reduction on offer was a step to still better Roon sound quality in my reference system.
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MCRU Ultimate Linear Power Supply Pack